Brazil accounts for one-third of the world’s coffee, making them the largest grower and exporter of coffee beans. Each year, Brazil produces 40 to 60 million bags of coffee, grown mostly in low altitudes. Many people enjoy espresso blends made from either Bourbon Santos or Brazil Cerrado due to their dark roast and ability to avoid bitterness.
Brazilian Coffee Is Like No Other
Brazilian coffees are known for their low acidity, nutty sweet flavor, and often for being bittersweet with a chocolaty roast taste. Additionally, most un-roasted Brazilian green coffee is dry processed and unwashed. Brazilian coffee beans are known to be less expensive than other beans because of its mildness in flavor, making it a great choice for a coffee blend. Compared to other Central American countries, Brazil grows coffee beans at low elevations, making the beans less flavorful than many high-grown coffees. The volume of beans produced allows for a wider range of classification and therefore a wider variety of bean types. This is what makes Brazilian coffee beans so versatile. They are perfect for blending and cost less than the average coffee bean. However, since Brazilian coffee beans are more mild in flavor to begin with, it is crucial to buy the beans fresh to optimize taste and quality.
There are specific regions in Brazil that are known to produce some of the best coffees. Minas Gerais translates to “General Mines” and was named after the gold rush in the 18th century. This region grows the most coffee in Brazil, accounting for about half of all coffee produced. This area is known to grow full bodied beans with fruity aromas and citric flavors. Sao Paulo grows coffee beans at a higher altitude, making them a bit more pricey and higher in quality. A more recent addition to the Brazilian bean bunch is Bahia, consisting of regions in the northeast of Brazil. Since it has only been producing beans for about fifty years, this area has newer coffee production technology and has grown into a coffee powerhouse. With its updated irrigation systems and consistent weather, Bahia creates uniform Arabica beans that can be harvested efficiently. The Espirito Santo growing region is known for Robusta beans, but you probably won’t find any of these beans in specialty coffee. Most of these coffee beans are used for blends due to their lower quality.
With Brazil’s major coffee output, some sub-sections of production are even larger than the production of entire countries. Although Brazil produces large quantities of coffee, most of it is grown in low altitudes, classifying it as low-grade Arabica beans. For this reason, you will not find solely Brazilian beans in premium gourmet coffee, but more likely a blend. Brazilian beans are perfect for blending with other coffee origins because they tend to make the flavor profile less intense. You can find Brazilian beans in Split Rock Coffee’s medium roast, as they are blended with Mexican and Ethiopian coffee beans to create a perfect balance.